Information on Shingle Roofs | Print |
Roofing Shingles come in a variety of different styles, colors and warranties. The most common and least expensive shingle has a 20 year warranty and is known as the strip shingle or the 3-tab shingle. The second most common composition shingle is the 30 year dimensional shingle. This shingle is also referred to as the laminated shingle or the architectural shingle. It carries a 30 year warranty and is distinguishable from the 20 year shingle by its thicker, heavier look which was designed to imitate the appearance of wood shingles. Laminated roofing shingles also comes in 40 and 50 year versions which are each slightly thicker than the 30 year shingle but are otherwise exactly the same in appearance.

Although the strip shingle and the laminated shingle account for 95% of all shingle roofs, there are numerous alternatives including hail resistant shingles and specialty roofing shingles.

Types of Roofing Shingles Used in Naples, Florida

  • 3-tab Composition Shingles are by far the most commonly used shingle in America. They have a 20 year warranty and are the most inexpensive roofing material available. Their chief attributes are low price, ease of application and wide selection of available colors. Their disadvantages are relatively short life expectancy and their plain, unadorned appearance. This roof appearance consists of identical 5" X 12" rectangles repeating endlessly across the roof.
  • Laminated Shingles start off with much the same construction as a 3-tab or strip shingle but then an extra layer of material cut into a saw-tooth pattern is glued on (or laminated) to the exposed portion of the shingle. This makes the shingle thicker and longer lasting. In addition, multiple variations in the saw-toothed give the shingle a varied thatched-like appearance so that the roof does not show any repeating pattern. This combination of extra thickness and random appearance is much more successful in hiding the defects in the roof deck and is one of these shingles main attributes. While these shingles are considerably different, as a class, from the 3-tab shingles there is little or no difference in appearance between the 30, 40 and 50 year versions.
  • Hail Resistant Shingles also come in both 3-tab and laminated styles. However the 3-tab style carries a 30 year warranty and the laminated style carries the 50 year warranty. These shingles do not appear any different to the naked eye from the regular 3-tab and laminated shingles. However they are manufactured using a special asphalt called modified bitumen, which contains 2 types of special chemical modifiers known as elastifiers and UV blockers.
  • Specialty Shingles - Although specialty shingles only account for 2-3% of the composition shingle market there is a large number of different types and styles to choose from. There are shingles embossed with a wood grain, shingles designed to look like slate, extremely heavy and thick shingles, shingles with multiple layers of laminate and even copper plated shingles.

The Roofing Shingles Installation Process

  1. Complete removal of the existing roof system including shingles, tile, asphalt sealants, boots, vents, and fasteners.
  2. Remove and replace any and all rotted roof sheathing throughout entire roof area.
  3. Remove and replace any and all rotted fascia board that is accessible without the removal of exterior structures.
  4. Refasten entire roof deck using 8d ring shank nails to “code plus” strength. *Note: this step may qualify for insurance reductions. (Options available)
  5. Install new modified rubber self-adhered leak barrier underlayment to entire roof surface. *Note: use of this underlayment may qualify for a reduction on your insurance. (Options available)
  6. Install new modified rubber flat roof membrane at dead valley / wall up-step / chimney / cricket detail areas, fastened, masticsized, and anchored to wall using fascia/cap anchor bar, where applicable.
  7. Install new modified rubber flat roof membrane at flat roof tie-in, fastened and masticsized, where applicable.
  8. Install new velux, self-flashed, all in one tempered glass hurricane rated, leak proof skylights over existing openings, fastened and masticsized where applicable. (Options available)
  9. Install new lead boots over plumbing stacks, fastened and masticsized, where applicable.
  10. Install new vents over kitchen, dryer, and bathroom exhaust openings, fastened and masticsized, where applicable.
  11. Install new pre-painted drip edge flashings entire perimeter of roof, fastened and masticsized. Color as per customer choice - 4 available.
  12. Install new valley metal down all valley areas, fastened and masticsized where applicable.
  13. Paint all boots and vents to match shingle color where applicable.
  14. Install special high wind resistant starter-strip shingles at perimeter of roof area, fastened and masticsized. (Options available)
  15. Shingle entire roof area using gafelk timberline prestique ultra high definition asphalt / fiberglass, fungus resistant shingles, nailed six (6) nails per shingle. (Options available)
  16. Install special high wind resistant, gafelk seal-a-ridge cap shingles at all crown and hip areas, fastened. (Options available)
  17. Install new solar powered attic ventilators with thermostat control, Shingle Ridge Vent or Shingle Off Ridge Vent to achieve proper attic ventilation. (Options available)
  18. Clean up and remove all debris. Use magnet to remove fasteners from lawn.

Call Amherst Roofing of Naples, Florida today for more information on Shingle Roofs.  Amherst Roofing serves all of Collier County and Lee County in Florida.